Spirit Poles - 4 ft sq  - 2017 - Scotland


  • Australian Aboriginal Art – In particular the sacred heritage site of Narwala Gabarnmung. Also, the profound attunement of aboriginal peoples to their landscape and intercommunal integrity.
  • North American First Nations – particularly the Abenaki peoples of South Eastern Quebec – their deep ecological and spirit consciousness in nature and their living ancestral relationships.
  • Neolithic standing stones, tombs and henges – particularly the Carnac Stones in Brittany, France and Avebury, Wiltshire in England. Additionally, the Bronze Age Sea Henge discovered in Norfolk, England.
  • Upper paleolithic and paleo-indian archaeology. 
  • Carl Jung’s Understanding of Archetype and the Multi-layered Unconscious.
  • Andy Fisher – 'Radical Ecopsychology' – his quest for re-attunement to nature
  • David Lewis Williams – ‘The Mind in the Cave’
  • Ernst Fischer – 'The Necessity of Art’
  • Carl Jung – ‘Mandala Symbolism’
  • Antonio Tapies – his understanding of the importance of a return to origins in art.
  • Joseph Campbell – 'Primitive Mythology'